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The Rig Veda is an historic Indian sacred selection of Vedic Sanskrit hymns. it truly is counted one of the 4 canonical sacred texts (sruti) of Hinduism referred to as the Vedas. The Rig Veda comprises numerous mythological and poetical money owed of the beginning of the area, hymns praising the gods, and old prayers for all times, prosperity, and so on. a few of its verses are nonetheless recited as Hindu prayers, at spiritual capabilities and different events, making it most likely the world's oldest spiritual texts in persevered use. The Rigvedic hymns are devoted to a variety of deities, leader of whom are Indra, a heroic god praised for having slain his enemy Vrtra; Agni, the sacrificial hearth; and Soma, the sacred potion or the plant it truly is made up of. both trendy gods are the Adityas or Asura gods Mitra–Varuna and Ushas (the dawn). additionally invoked are Savitr, Vishnu, Rudra, Pushan, Brihaspati or Brahmanaspati, in addition to deified normal phenomena akin to Dyaus Pita (the shining sky, Father Heaven), Prithivi (the earth, mom Earth), Surya (the sunlight god), Vayu or Vata (the wind), Apas (the waters), Parjanya (the thunder and rain), Vac (the word), many rivers (notably the Sapta Sindhu, and the Sarasvati River). The Adityas, Vasus, Rudras, Sadhyas, Ashvins, Maruts, Rbhus, and the Vishvadevas ("all-gods") in addition to the "thirty-three gods" are the teams of deities pointed out. The hymns point out a number of extra minor gods, individuals, phenomena and goods, and comprise fragmentary references to attainable old occasions, significantly the fight among the early Vedic humans (known as Vedic Aryans, a subgroup of the Indo-Aryans) and their enemies, the Dasa or Dasyu and their legendary prototypes, the Pani (the Bactrian Parna).